C/O BUHS, 125/1 Darussalam Road, Mirpur, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

Parallel Session B : Communicable Disease

3rd Septermber, 2021.  

11.30 AM to 01.00 PM

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Call +8801710972498


Prof. Nazmul Islam BIO

Line Director, Communicable Disease Control,

Directorate General of Health Services, MoH&FW


Prof. JMA Hannan BIO


School of Pharmacy & Public Health,

Independent University Bangladesh


Prof. Dr. Pradip Sen Gupta BIO

Head, Dept. of Epidemiology, 

Bangladesh University of Health Sciences 

11:37 AM to 11:44 AM

Alicja Forma

Chair and I Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Early Intervention,

Medical University of Lublin, 20-439 Lublin, Poland

Is the use of dietary supplements by Polish and Bengali students a way of coping with emotional distress during the COVID-19 pandemic? - a comparative study

View Abstract

Is the use of dietary supplements by Polish and Bengali students away of coping with emotional distress during the COVID-19 pandemic?-a comparative study 

Alicja Forma1 , Saiful Islam2 , Elżbieta Sitarz1 , Kaja Hanna Karakuła1 , Joanna Róg1 , Jacek Baj3 , Dariusz Juchnowicz4 , Tajuddin Sikder2 , Hanna Karakuła Juchnowicz1 

1Chair and I Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Early Intervention, Medical University of Lublin, Poland 

2Department of Public Health and Informatics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka,Bangladesh 

3Chair and Department of Anatomy, Medical University of Lublin, Poland 

4Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Medical University of Lublin, Poland 

Background: A dynamic increase in the sale of supplements during the COVID-19 pandemic has been observed. Some of the studies suggest that the individuals started the intake of specific supplements during the pandemic to improve their immunity or simply to be protected against the SARS-CoV-2 infection. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess a relationship between the supplementation intake and the levels of depression, anxiety, and stress in Polish and Bengali students during the COVID19 pandemic. Methods: We conducted an online cross-sectional survey that was distributed amongst Polish (n=1202) and Bengali students (n=1616) from 12th April to 1st June 2021. We have asked the respondents several questions regarding the intake of supplements before and during the pandemic. In order to assess mental health, we have used the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-21 (DASS21). Results: We found that Bengali students presented higher severity of depression and anxiety symptoms (p<0.05) compared to Polish students. More Polish students used supplements during the pandemic and added/included supplementation during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to Bengali students (p<0.001). In all examined students, a higher DASS total score was observed in individuals who started supplementation during the pandemic (p<0.001). However, DASS total score did not differ compared to theindividuals who were taking supplements before the pandemic and add some supplementation during the pandemic (p>0.05). Across all examine students, the lowest severity of depression and anxiety symptoms was observed in the subgroup which did not receive any supplements (p<0.001). The highest anxiety and depression were observed in individuals who start supplementation during the pandemic. Conclusions: Since people who started taking supplements during the COVID-19 pandemic had suffered from the highest levels of anxiety and depression, it seems they believed supplements might have protective properties being a kind of coping strategy during the pandemic. 

Key words: Mental health; COVID-19 pandemic; depression; anxiety; stress; dietary supplements

11:45 AM to 11:52 AM

Rezaul Karim Ripon

Department of Public Health and Informatics,

Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh

Determinants of Factors for HIV Prevention and Transmission Knowledge among the Bangladeshi Public: A Trend Analysis from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health survey

View Abstract

Determinants the Factors of HIV Prevention and Transmission Knowledge among Bangladeshi people: A TrendAnalysis from Bangladesh Demographic and Health survey 

Rezaul K. Ripon1 , Shahriar Hossain1 , Shahrina Tasnim Manami1 , Mahmuduzzaman Rifat1 , Shuva Das2 , Jahidur Rahman Khan3 , Md. Safiullah Sarker4; 

1Department of Public Health and Informatics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 

2Department of Microbiology, Chittagong Medical College, Chattogram, 

3Department of Microbiology, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 

4Virology Laboratory, icddr,b 

Background: The number of HIV/AIDS reported cases is increasing day by day. It has increased by more than 300% in 7 years, from 2007 to 2014. The Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) included questions about HIV/AIDS transmission and prevention methods knowledge from 2007-2014 survey, but the 2018 annual report of BDHS did not have any. Objective: This study aimed to determine the factors of HIV prevention and transmission knowledge among Bangladeshi public from 2007-2014. Method: We conducted a cross-sectional comparison study by collecting secondary data from the 2007-2014 BDHS survey (online published) on the questions of transmission and prevention methods knowledge of HIV/AIDS. HIV Prevention and Transmission knowledge related questions both contained four questions. And the answers were yes/no. The total number of households covered by BDHS in 2007, 2011 and 2014 were 10400, 17141 and 17300, and a total of 44841 individuals were included in the study. Result: Prevalence of HIV prevention methods knowledge was lower than that of its transmission. The meanvalues of HIV transmission knowledge status were −0.0013 (SD 0.987), −0.0014 (SD 0.998), −0.0018 (SD 1.1), and the mean of HIV prevention methods knowledge status were −0.0009 (SD 0.988), −0.0012 (SD 0.995), −0.0015 (SD 0.998) for 2007, 2011 and 2014, respectively. Significant associations with knowledge status of HIV prevention and transmission for 2007 were wealth index, region, highest education, type of residence; for 2011, wealth index, highest education, type of residence; and for 2014, age, sex, wealth Index, highest education, type of residence. That showed that the highest education and wealth index variables were significant variables for all years. Conclusion: Our study identified significant factors of HIV transmission and prevention knowledge. We emphasize the need for the authorities to include these questions in the next BDHS, which will be carried out in 2023. And in the textbooks sexual education should give more importance. 

Key words: Bangladesh National Health survey, HIV prevention knowledge, HIV transmission knowledge.

11:53 AM to 12:00 PM

Dr. Sushil Rayamajhi

Swacon International Hospital,

Kathmandu, Nepal

Side effects of Vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 with ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 and BBIBP-CorV vaccine among the Healthcare Workers of Nepal

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Side effects of vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 with ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 and BBIBP-CorV vaccine among the healthcare workers of Nepal 

Dr. Sushil Rayamajhi Swacon1 , Dr. Nishant Tripathi2 , Dr. Isha Shrestha3 , Dr. Sudhir Gautam4 , Shreejana Rayamajhi5 , Subhechchha Bhandari6 

1International Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal, 

2Assistant Professor of Medicine, University of Kentucky, USA, 

3Medical Officer, Nepal Korea Friendship Municipality Hospital, Bhaktapur, Nepal, 

4Medical Officer, Gautam Buddha Community Heart Hospital, Nepal, 

5Master's in Global Public Health, Germany, 

6Bachelor's in Public Health, Pokhara University, Nepal 

Background: The world is currently facing the largest pandemic of the century due to COVID-19 which has affected more than 178 million people causing deaths of more than 3.84 million. Vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 is a leading strategy to change the course of the pandemic worldwide. Objective: Nepal is one of the most successful countries to implement rapid vaccination program against SARS-CoV-2. More than three million doses of ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 recombinant vaccine manufactured by theOxford-AstraZeneca, UK and BBIBP-CorV manufactured by the Sinopharm, China has been administered by June 2021. The clinical trials as well as a real world study reported some post vaccination side effects. The present study aims to report the local and systemic side effects after vaccination with two-dose ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 and BBIBP-CorV vaccine among the healthcare workers of Nepal. Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 606 vaccinated HCPs of Kathmandu, Nepal during June 2021 using a self-administered online survey. Binary logistic regression adjusted for age, sex,comorbidity, and previous SARS-CoV-2 infection was used to predict the side effects according to the vaccine types and doses. Result: The mean (SD) age of the participants was 35.6 (13.2) years and almost 52% were female. Almost 59% of them were fully vaccinated and around 54% of total participants took ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine. Atleast one local and systemic side effect was reported by 54% and 62% participants after the first dose and 37% and 49% participants after the second dose of ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 and by 37% and 43% after the first dose and 42% and 36% after the second dose of BBIBP-CorV vaccine respectively. Injection site pain, swelling, and tenderness at the injection site were the most frequently reported local side effects while, fatigue, headache, fever, and myalgia were the most frequently reported systemic side effects. Risk of bothlocal and systemic side effects was higher among the ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine recipients compared to the BBIBP-CorV vaccine. Almost 10% individuals reported a post- vaccination SARS-CoV-2 re-infection and most of them occurred after taking the first dose of vaccine. Conclusion: Most of the HCPs of Nepal experienced mild and constitutional symptoms after vaccination.The target population of the mass vaccination campaign should be assured about the side effects to improve the confident in vaccine uptake. 

Key words: Side-effects, ChAdOx1 nCoV-19, BBIBP- CorV, Vaccine, COVID-19.

12:01 PM to 12:08 PM

Md. Mejbah Uddin

Department of Public Health and Informatics,

Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh

Food Adulteration & Raw Food Washing Process during Covid-19 Period among Semi-Urban Population in Bangladesh: Knowledge, Attitude & Practice

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Food adulteration and raw food washing process during Covid-19 period among semi-urban population in Bangladesh: Knowledge, Attitude & Practice 

Md. Mejbah Uddin, Dr. Mahfuza Mubarak 

Dept. of Public Health and Informatics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh 

Background: Now-a-days food adulteration becomes a major public health issue in Bangladesh. Adulteration of food not only cheats the consumer but also causes serious health Problems. It was reportedthat due to ingestion of adulterated and contaminated food, globally, approximately 57 % of people have developed serious health issues. From the seminar on ‘Food Safety Challenge in Bangladesh’, it was reported that 45 million people are suffer from food poisoning and food-borne diseases round the year in Bangladesh. Objectives: To identify & assess the knowledge, attitude & practice about food adulteration & raw foodwashing practice during COVID-19 period among general population. Method: A cross sectional study was performed among the semi-urban people. For this study sample sizewas 187. On the basis of the questionnaire, the information of the respondents was analyzed by SPSS. Result: In the study demographic characteristics, knowledge, attitude & practice of the respondents were collected and analyzed. In this study, more female respondents were participated than male. 63.1% of respondents had the knowledge about the term ‘food adulteration’. 66.3% faced health problem due to foodadulteration in the study. 51.9% of the respondents didn’t know how to wash raw food in a healthy way. Moreover, most of the respondents didn’t concern about their shopping place, food quality etc. 70.6% and 65.3% respondents thought that the awareness on food adulteration and health education can be helpful tosolve the problem. Conclusion: Bangladesh Government has enacted the Food Safety Act, 2013 to ensure food safety. But consumer awareness is one of the most important steps towards reducing the adulteration of foods. Mass awareness among low-income communities need to be increased in Bangladesh. 

Key words: Food adulteration, Covid-19

12:09 PM to 12:16 PM

Md. Ruhul Amin

National Institute of Preventive and Social Medicine (NIPSOM), Dhaka, Bangladesh

Anxiety and Related Factors among Supporting staff in Dedicated COVID-19 Hospital

View Abstract

Anxiety and Related Factors among Supporting staff in Dedicated COVID-19 Hospital

Md. Ruhul Amin1, Dr. Md. Shafiur Rahman1, Professor Dr. Manzurul Haque Khan Ph.D.2, Professor Dr. Sk. Akhtar Ahmad3, Dr. Irin Hossain1

1National Institute of Preventive and Social Medicine (NIPSOM), 2Directorate General of Health Services

3Bangladesh University of Health and Science (BUHS)

Introduction:Novel coronaviruses (or coronaviruses) are causing a viral, infectious, severe acute respiratory illness (COVID sickness 2019). It wreaked havoc on 216 nations and areas by June 16, 2020. (a worldwide health concern). The SARS response harmed the clinical staff both immediately and long-term. For physicians who operate under pressure, pressure transformation counseling and advice may be a time-saving and cost-effective alternative. To prevent and manage a pandemic, clinicians' mental health needs must be met. A lack of trust in family members may result from continued stress on support personnel. It cannot be overstated how important it is to understand how our support workers cope with stress during a pandemic. Our nation will greatly benefit from studying and analyzing support staff anxiety levels and associated variables. Objective:The purpose of this research was to assess the level of anxiety and relatedfactors among the supporting staff in dedicated COVID-19 hospital. Method:A cross-sectional research was conducted to evaluate staff anxiety and associated variables in COVID-19 hospitals. Patients with suspected covid-19 were cared for both outside and inside by hospital support personnel (ward boy/aya/cleaner and security guard/driver/lift man/office staff/trolley man). A semi-structured questionnaire was created with questions on anxiety among supporting staff on the GAD-7 scale, variables linked to anxiety among supporting staff on the work place and environmental factors, and supporting staff socio-demographic characteristics. Date were collected from 337 participants through face-to-face interview after taking the informed written consent. Result:This study revealed that among the most about 76.6% (258) of the participants had minimal to mild anxiety, 13.9% (47) of the participants had moderate anxiety, and 9.5% (32) of the participants had severe anxiety. Anxiety levels were statistically significant or associated with gender, type of family, provision of PPE supply, supply of food and vegetables, presence of any special condition and/ or chronic disease, chronic diseases specially diabetes, bronchial asthma, disturbances in sleeping pattern, trouble as a result of sleep disturbances. Surprisingly some association were found statistically non-significant for example anxiety level with age category, educational qualification. Conclusion:High percentage of staff was found to have anxiety which is very alarming. The dominance and consequences of this corona virus on the mental health of these supporting staffs should be explored with immense significant and measures should be taken to minimize the risk.

Key words: Anxiety, Supporting Staff, Anxiety Related Factors, COVID-19 

12:17 PM to 12:24 PM

Md. Habibur Rahman

Founding Chairman of CSWPD Foundation & Head of Sociology and Social Work,

The People's University of Bangladesh

Community Engagement through conjoint practice of Social Work and Public Health Approaches can fight COVID-19: A Bangladesh Perspective

View Abstract

Community Engagement through conjoint practice of Social Work and Public Health Approaches can fight COVID-19: A Bangladesh Perspective 

Md. Habibur Rahman1 , Dr. Abu Jamil Faisel

1Founding Chairman of CSWPD Foundation & Head of Sociology and Social Work, The People's University of Bangladesh, 

2Adviser of CSWPD Foundation, Public Health Expert & Social Worker 

Background: The perception of enhancing community engagement during any crisis or massive disaster is through actualization of joint activities of social workers and public health professionals keeping focus on the perspective of the communities. In most of the developed countries, social work and public health are mutually inclined to each other due to their nature of services. They simultaneously work on informing and enabling people, risk analyzing, informing and providing, assessing problems, communicating, monitoring and conducting research as well as controlling outbreaks of epidemics through preventing health promotionacross the world. But in Bangladesh, both group of professionals are functioning in their respective fields onthe basis of their subjective ethics, which rationally be more effective in case of their joint efforts in facing any pandemic like crisis. No allied body of social workers and public health professional is not seen in Bangladesh that may strengthen the bonding of the disciplines and stimulate to further joint contribution for community resilience and rebuilding. In this regard it is thought to develop an Academia on Social Work and Public Health. Methodology: A study has been developed following mixed methods. This study will give the information and rationale for developing the Academia. For quantitative portion, an online survey from both disciplines will be conducted. The qualitative portion will include 40 KIIs and 2 FGDs conducted. Outcome: Tentative results expected are; i) Very close alignment and potentials between disciplines in community engagement; ii) People may get better welfare service by the collective efforts of the two disciplines; iii) A national level body/institute or academy may be formed to strengthen the joint functionsand offer academic courses; iv) The national academy/institute will have international accreditation. Conclusion: The academy/institute will bring a new stream of thoughts for the development of Public Health and Social Work. 

Key words: Strengthening, Community Engagement, Social Work, Public Health, Covid-19, Bangladesh

12:25 PM to 12:32 PM

Shuchita Rahman


M&E and Research, Health, Nutrition and Population Program, BRAC

Maternal factors associated with coverage gaps of Pentavalent vaccine doses among Bangladeshi children

View Abstract

Maternal factors associated with coverage gaps of Pentavalent vaccine doses among Bangladeshi children 

Shuchita Rahman, 

Researcher, Manager M&E and Research, HNPP, BRAC 

Background: Achieving immunization through vaccination is an integral part of strengthening a country's health system, and childhood vaccination has played a pivotal role in improving the health care of a population. One of the life-changing vaccination programs which played a significant role in the war against diphtheria, tetanus, hepatitis, pertussis, and hib diseases is the pentavalent combination DTP-HB-HIB in the EPI vaccination program. Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the factors associated with the coverage gap of pentavalent vaccines among Bangladeshi children. The study aimed to build awareness in removing barriersand improving coverage and equity of pentavalent vaccination in children of Bangladesh. Methods: A nationally representative survey data obtained from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2017 was used for this study. A multivariate logit model analyzed a sample of 5049 observations to examine the influence of pentavalent vaccine in association with other socio-demographicvariables. Children and women-related variables were also analyzed to find whether 3- dose pentavalent vaccination schedule was completed or not. Results: The children who have completed three doses of pentavalent vaccine are 65% higher at first birth. Asecondary educated mother has 1.8 times higher odds of being fully vaccinated than a child of a no intellectual mother (OR=1.780, p<0.001), and working mothers are 1.7 times more likely to administer the vaccine to their children than the non-working group (OR=1.750; p<0.000). And mothers exposed to media outlets are more likely to give their children all three doses than those not exposed (OR=1.260, p<0.008). Conclusion: Pentavalent vaccination coverage among children is greatly influenced by the mother's demographic, lifestyle, and behavioral pattern, so awareness should be emphasized on educating mothersabout the vaccination program. 

Key words: Childhood immunization, Pentavalent vaccination, Health system

12:33 PM to 12:47 PM

Q/A Session

12:48 PM to 01:00 PM

Sum up by the Chair and Co-Chair


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